Why Do Dark Spots Appear On Our Face?

Many of us know the feeling. You wake up, look in the mirror, and there it is: a dark spot. Or maybe two. Or three. Ugh. Where did they come from? And why do they keep showing up? If you're wondering about those dark spots on your face, you're in luck. We're here to give you the lowdown on why they appear and how to get rid of them.

What Are Dark Spots?

Dark spots, also known as hyperpigmentation, are areas of the skin that are darker than the surrounding skin. This occurs when there the affected area produces more melanin. Dark spots can be small or large, and they can appear on any area of the body, including the face. Depending on the cause and how you treat them, they can also be temporary or more permanent.

What Causes Dark Spots On The Face?

There are a few different things that can cause dark spots on the face:

  • Sun Damage: Sun exposure is one of the main culprits when it comes to dark spots on the face. UV rays can damage skin cells and cause the skin to produce more melanin, which can lead to darker areas on the skin and unwanted pigmentation. This is why dark spots are sometimes called sunspots.
  • Hormonal Changes: Changes in hormone levels can also cause dark spots on the face. For example, during pregnancy or menopause, women can experience an increase in melanin production, which can cause dark spots to appear.
  • Skin Damage: Damage from acne or scratches can also lead to dark spots on the face. When the skin is damaged, it can produce more melanin to protect itself, which can cause dark spots.
  • Age: As we age, our skin becomes thinner and less able to protect itself from damage, which can lead to the appearance of dark spots.
  • Medications: Certain medications, such as birth control pills, can cause dark spots.

Types Of Dark Spots

Depending on the cause, there are also different types of dark spots that can appear on the face:

  • Sunspots: Sunspots are dark spots that are caused by sun exposure. They are usually brown or black in color and are typically found on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun, such as the face, chest, and hands. They are usually temporary and can be treated with topical creams, light therapy, or laser treatments.
  • Acne Spots/Scars: Acne scars are dark spots caused by acne. They can vary in size and shape and are often found on the face, neck, and chest. They can also be treated with creams, light therapy, or laser treatments.
  • Melasma: Melasma is caused by hormonal changes. It is common during pregnancy or menopause and can be more permanent. You can help prevent and treat them with hormonal therapy, such as birth control pills or hormone injections.

How To Prevent & Reduce Dark Spots On The Face

Dark spots are a common skincare concern, and there are a few ways to treat them. There are home remedies, over-the-counter treatments, light therapy, and prescriptions from a dermatologist, to name a few. We'll cover popular home remedies and skincare ingredients that you can try to help reduce hyperpigmentation.

Never Skip Sunscreen

One of the best ways to prevent dark spots is to protect your skin from the sun's harmful UV rays. Be sure to wear at least SPF 30 daily, even when it's cloudy.

Chemical Exfoliants

Chemical exfoliants help to remove the top layer of dead skin cells, which can help to reduce the appearance of dark spots. You can find chemical exfoliants in a number of skincare products, including cleansers, toners, and serums.

Read More: How To Remove Dead Skin From The Face

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that can help to minimize dark spots on the face. It inhibits melanin production, reducing hyperpigmentation. It also helps improve overall skin appearance and reduce the appearance of fine lines. It can be found in topical skincare products and foods, including oranges, strawberries, and kale. You can also take vitamin C in supplement form.

Our Pick:


Niacinamide is a form of vitamin B3 that can help to reduce the appearance of dark spots on the face. It suppresses the transfer of melanin to the skin cells in the top layer of the skin to lighten and target dark spots. Niacinamide is available in a number of forms, including serums, creams, and gels.

Our Pick:


Retinoids are a form of Vitamin A that are used to treat a variety of skin conditions, including dark spots. Retinoids work by increasing cell turnover, which can help to fade dark spots over time. Retinoids are available in a number of formulations, including creams, gels, and serums.

Our Pick:

The Final Verdict

Dark spots on the face can be a nuisance, but many treatments are available to help fade them. Talk to your dermatologist about the best option for you. And in the meantime, be sure to wear sunscreen and avoid sun exposure to prevent new dark spots from forming.